Posted by Rob Swan

“May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of the Father, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.”

2 Corinthians 13:14

A tendency may be to give one of the members of the trinity more continual focus. For example, I am more inclined to consider the attributes of God only in regard to the Father, but the biblical teaching on the trinity tells us that all of God’s attributes are true of all three persons, for each is fully God.

What is the trinity? The trinity may be defined as God eternally exists as three persons, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and each person is fully God, and there is one God.

If one reads the Bible from Genesis to Revelation looking to find passages on the trinity, it will be notices that the doctrine of the trinity is progressively revealed through Scripture – read through these amazing verses that are just a few of the examples

Partial revelation in the Old Testament: Genesis 1:26; Psalm 45:6-7; Isaiah 6:8

More complete revelation of the trinity in the New Testament: Matthew 3:16-17, 28:19-20; 2 Corinthians 13:14; 1 Peter 1:2

When I first read through the Bible and saw this progressive revelation, I soon hit some rocky waters

  • I thought that it is biblical that the Old Testament is the age of the Father, the gospels are the age of Jesus and from Acts is the age of the Holy Spirit. Where the biblical truth is that God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit are all eternal, omnipresent, omnipotent, infinitely wise, infinitely holy, infinitely loving, omniscient and all active throughout all of time.

In one sense the doctrine of the trinity is a mystery that we will never be able to understand fully. However, we can understand something of its truth by summarising the teaching of Scripture in three statements:

  • God is three persons – each person of the trinity is its own person with function and office, each person stands alone as a unique person. Equal in being, but subordinate in role.
  • Each person is fully God – each person is fully God is that they are 100% of God
  • There is one God – there is one and only one God. The three different persons of the trinity are one not only in purpose and in agreement on what they think, but they are one in essence, one in their essential nature

In light of these three statements, all analogies have short comings because nothing in creation can truly hold all three statements together. God stands alone as creator, above his creation. Therefore, use analogies to help illustrate but remember to mention that it does fall short. An analogy generally falls short by promoting tritheism, for example, the egg analogy or tree analogy, the roots are not the whole tree 100%, nor is the shell the whole egg 100%.

The trinity is awesome, we cannot truly understand it but we can know God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. What a breath-taking God we serve, a God like that of 2 Corinthians 13:14 “May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of the Father, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.”

Prayer: Father, thank you that we can know you through the work of the Son and the power of the Holy Spirit. You are an awesome God, help us to worship you, live for you and proclaim you to the world. Amen